However, article 16 of the Law Decree 04/2022 (“DL Sostegni ter”), published on the Italian Official Journal on the 27th January 2022, introduces clawback measures against photovoltaic plants under Feed-in-Premium tariffs as well as for geothermal, hydro, photovoltaic and wind merchant power plants with capacity above 20 kW. The vast majority of such plants will receive a fixed reference price until the 31st December 2022, based on historical average zonal electricity prices in Italy.
Measures included in Article 16 will lead to significant wholesale energy markets distortions and on the behaviour of buyers and sellers in the market. It might affect the free formation of prices as required by the Electricity Regulation (2019/943) setting a de facto unavoidable and administratively determined strike price for any possible future Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) in contradiction with the Government’s stated goal to promote the conclusion of such contracts in the Italian power market.
These complex and discriminatory measures will jeopardize the Fit-for-55 targets, by breaking investors’ confidence, with huge impacts on RES investments and undermining the correct functioning of EU’s Internal Electricity Market. Furthermore, Article 16 of the “DL Sostegni ter” is inconsistent with the proposals in the “European Commission toolbox for action and support” that the EU and its Member States can use to address the immediate impact of current prices increases, and further strengthen resilience against future shocks.
Italy needs to accelerate and simplify permitting procedures in order to install at least 8 GW of new renewable capacity every year until 2030 to achieve the Fit-for-55 targets. However less than 1 GW/year has been installed in recent years, mainly due to lengthy and complex permitting. Going forward with the current version of Article 16 of the Law Decree 04/2022 risks further slowing down the energy transition process in Italy and Europe, putting at risk vital investments for the entire economy.
Similar interventions have been proposed in other Member States in 2021 (Spain and Romania), leading to significant regulatory instability and far-reaching changes in the dynamics of contracts. Consequently, the scope of the original measures has been drastically revised or blocked.
For all the above reasons, the Italian and European electricity sector is calling on the Italian Government to withdraw Article 16 of the Law Decree 04/2022 and to initiate a constructive dialogue to define effective and balanced solutions to tackle the energy price rises.
A well-functioning electricity market is one of the best tools to shield consumers from price volatility, and to deliver a cost-effective transition to a carbon neutral economy in Italy and Europe.